ALL ABOUT AUSTRALIA
Ask to all Australian students and they will declare that it is not hard to stay and live in Australia. Easy to find good food with many choices of international cuisine and also the result of a fresh natural products full year. Travelling around this country is not difficult, with the quality public transport given. Shopping choices were also no less interesting, from the traditional market to a shopping center in the middle of town. The best of all is you can do it with a student budget.
Located in south of Indonesia, Australia is the smallest continent as well as the largest island in the world. The size of this country is about 7.69 million km2, stretches across 4,000 km from east to west and 3,200 km from north to south. As one member of the British Commonwealth, Australia is also the sixth largest country in the world.
Because Australia is wide, the country has three (3) different time zones, like Indonesia. In some places in Australia, applied a Daylight Saving Time in the summer of the first week of October until the first week of April, by adjusting the time into one (1) hour early.
- Eastern Standard Time (EST): GMT +10 or Indonesia GMT +3
- Central Standard Time (CST): GMT +9:30 GMT +2:30 or Indonesia
- Western Standard Time (WST): GMT +8 or Indonesia GMT +1
The Australian government run system of parliamentary government, with three (3) levels: the Legislative (Parliament of Australia), Executive (Federal Executive Board) and Attorney General (High Court of Australia).Australia consists of six (6) states and two (2) territories. Based on the total population, the sequence of states and territories are as follows:
No. State and Territory Capital City Website
1 New South Wales (Sydney) NSWc www.nsw.gov.au
This oldest state has the densest population and the first area developed by the Europeans. Sydney as its capital city, is a cosmopolitan city that hosted the Olympics in 2000. The city has a natural harbor that is amazing and beautiful (Sydney Harbour), where there is the Sydney Opera House and Sydney Harbour Bridge. Two of the largest city in NSW after Sydney is Newcastle and Wollongong.
The climate in this state is not too hot or too cold, average temperature 12 ° C – 21 ° C.
2 Victoria (VIC) Melbourne www.vic.gov.au
Victoria is Australia’s smallest state, but it is the second most populous state. Its capital city is Melbourne, which is the second largest cosmopolitan city after Sydney.The city was once the capital of Australia in 1901 until 1927. With a blend of Victorian buildings and modern skyscrapers, in the year 2010 the city ranked number 3 “The World’s Most Liveable Cities” (the city’s most comfortable place to live) from The Economist.
The climate in this state ranges from 15 ° C to 30 ° C, with unpredictable weather, this state has the nickname City of the 4 seasons in 1 day.
3 Queensland (QLD) Brisbane www.qld.gov.au
The state’s second-largest and has the third densest population, has two (2) cities that are familiar, Brisbane as its capital and the Gold Coast where Warner Bros and Movie World is located. Q1 Building, the tallest building in Australia, once the world’s tallest residential building is also located on the Gold Coast.
The climate in this state about 14 ° C-29 ° C.
4 Western Australia (WA) Perth www.wa.gov.au
Western Australia is the largest state, with an area covering one third of the continent of Australia. Perth is the its capital. This state is very rich in mining areas, such as iron, aluminum, oil and gas, also rich in agricultural and livestock, such as wheat, wool, mutton and dairy cows.
The climate in this state ranges about 15 ° C – 27 ° C, tropical in the north and more variable in the south with four (4) seasons.
5 South Australia (SA) Adelaide www.sa.gov.au
This capital city of this state is in Adelaide, with the largest economy in the industrial, defence technology and research. Factory car manufacturers General Motors Holden Australia is located in this state. The most popular sport in this state is Ausralia football or well known as Aussie Rules or Footy, with the largest number of participants from this region.
The climate in this state ranges from 15 ° C-29 ° C.
6 Tasmania (TAS) Hobart www.tas.gov.au
Tasmania is an island located in the south of Australia land, its capital city is Hobart. Since 2002, this island can be crossed from Melbourne with a ferry called the Spirit of Tasmania with a duration of 10 hours down to Hobart, or use the aircraft lasted only 1 hour. Typical animal of this island that is the Tasmanian Devil.
The climate in this state is rather cold, ranges about 4 ° C-24 ° C, due to its location on the far south.
7 Australian Capital Territory (ACT) Canberra www.act.gov.au
This state is the central government of Australia and the foreign embassies are located. Canberra, which is Australia’s capital city, located in this state.
ACT has four (4) seasons every year, warm in the autumn, hot dry in summer, cool in autumn, cold and sometimes snowy in winter.
8 Northern Territory (NT) Darwin www.nt.gov.au
This state has a varied natural conditions of the ranks of smooth rocks, large canyons, wide dunes, deep lagoon, river, cliff and high rock hills. Its capital city is Darwin, the town in Australia which is closest to Indonesia.
The climate in this state ranges from 19 ° C-35 ° C.
Australia has a very strong reputation in the fields of scientific, technological invention, and is a leader in science and technology fields, such as Biotechnology, Solar Energy, Astrophysics and Nanotechnology.
Nobel Prize is also acquired by Australia, like the discovery of Black Box, and penicillin in the treatment, etc. For the health sector, Australia has received seven (7) awards the Nobel Prize.
Visit the Australian Technology Showcase (ATS) in http://ats.business.gov.au/ for information on innovative technology and advanced skills.
State language in the country of origin of the kangaroo and koala is English.
Although most of Australia area is semi-arid or desert, it includes a diverse range of habitats from alpine heaths to tropical rainforests, and recognized as a megadiverse country. Because of the continent’s great age, extremely variable weather patterns, and long-term geographic isolation, much of Australia’s biota is unique and diverse. About 85% of flowering plants, 84% of mammals, more than 45% of birds, and 89% of in-shore, temperate-zone fish are endemic. Australia has the greatest number of reptiles of any country, with 755 species.
Australian forests are mostly made up of evergreen species, particularly eucalyptus trees in the less arid regions, Wattles replace them in drier regions and deserts as the most dominant species. Among well-known Australian fauna are the monotremes (the platypus and echidna); a host of marsupials, including the kangaroo, koala, and wombat, and birds such as the emu and the kookaburra. Australia is home to many dangerous animals including some of the most venomous snakes in the world. The dingo was introduced by Austronesian people who traded with Indigenous Australians around 3000 BCE. Many plant and animal species became extinct soon after first human settlement, including the Australian megafauna; others have disappeared since European settlement, among them the thylacine.
Many of Australia’s ecoregions, and the species within those regions, are threatened by human activities and introduced plant and animal species. The federal Environment Protection and Biodiversity Conservation Act 1999 is the legal framework for the protection of threatened species. Numerous protected areas have been created under the National Strategy for the Conservation of Australia’s Biological Diversityto protect and preserve unique ecosystems; 65 wetlands are listed under the Ramsar Convention, and 15 natural World Heritage Sites have been established. Australia was ranked 51st of 163 countries in the world on the 2010 Environmental Performance Index.
Climate change has become an increasing concern in Australia in recent years, with many Australians considering protection of the environment to be the most important issue facing the country. The Rudd Ministry has initiated several emission reduction activities; Rudd’s first official act, on his first day in office, was to sign the instrument of ratification of the Kyoto Protocol. Nevertheless, Australia’s carbon dioxide emissions per capita are among the highest in the world, lower than those of only a few other industrialised nations. Rainfall in Australia has slightly increased over the past century, both nationwide and for two quadrants of the nation, while annual mean temperatures increased significantly over the past decades. Water restrictions are currently in place in many regions and cities of Australia in response to chronic shortages due to urban population increases and localised drought.
Australia has no state religion. In the 2006 census, 64% of Australians listed themselves as Christian, including 26% as Roman Catholic and 19% as Anglican. About 19% of the population cited “No religion” (which includes humanism, atheism, agnosticism, and rationalism), which was the fastest-growing group from 2001 to 2006, and a further 12% did not answer (the question is optional) or did not give a response adequate for interpretation. The largest non-Christian religion in Australia is Buddhism (2.1%), followed by Islam (1.7%), Hinduism (0.8%), and Judaism (0.5%). Overall, fewer than 6% of Australians identify with non-Christian religions. Weekly attendance at church services in 2004 was about 1.5 million: about 7.5% of the population.
According to an international survey conducted by Germany’s Bertelsmann Foundation, ‘Australia is one of the least religious nations in the western world, coming in 17th out of 21 surveyed’. ‘Nearly three out of four Australians say they are either not at all religious or that religion does not play a central role in their lives’. Religion does not play a central role in the lives of much of the population.
Australia has a excellent system of public transport, and wide, including buses, trains, electric trains, ferry, and tram (for the Melbourne, Adelaide and Sydney city center.) If you use public transportation regularly, you can save by buying a ticket that can be used many times or multi-rider ticket. Taxi’s cost is quite expensive in Australia and at night there is an additional cost.
The holder of a valid student visa 12 months or more are allowed to ride
vehicles in Australia using the international driver’s license or SIM Indonesia for three (3) months after its arrival. After 3-months time limit, students are required to use Australian SIM, which can be obtained after following a written test about the regulations on the highway and complete other requirements. Holders of student visa validity period of less than 12 months may drive a vehicle with international driver’s license or driver’s license valid from Indonesia without having to replace with SIM Australia.
Remember, driving a vehicle in a drunken condition because of alcohol or drugs is a serious offense. The use of seat belts for drivers and passengers are compulsory by law.
Gone are the days when an overseas holiday package meant a tour of either Europe or America. Backpackers are now, making a beeline for hitherto uncharted realms, even as brand new tourist destinations make way to the travel bug’s itinerary. Australia, the land of kangaroos, is one such tourist hotspot. This sports crazy nation is fast developing in to a popular tourist haunt. The land of the crocodile hunter the late Steve Irwin, has a lot to offer to visitors who make a dash for its lovely environs all through the year. This marvelous country is a veritable treasure trove wonderful locales and exotic wildlife. It is a haven for all those adventure seekers, who are looking for that adrenaline rush, for the wondrous land has a bouquet of adventure sports to offer. Unwinding in Australia can be fun with the recreation industry pulling out all stops to woo visitors.
Adventure sports fanatics can dabble in skydiving, bungee jumping, mountain biking, indoor racing, scaling the bridge, rappelling, paintball, fishing, rock- climbing among a host of others. You can also troop to northern Queensland to soak in its virgin splendor. Dotted with numerous mounts and water bodies, the tourism industry has stepped on to the accelerator to cash in on adventure tourism. Water adventure sports is also a top draw among the visitors to Australia. Get up close and personal with the breath taking marine life with scuba diving. Snorkeling, surfing are some of the other aqua sports, rakes in a lot of lucre. Hiking and skiing also generates a lot of enthusiasm among the adventure sports lovers. Australia is also the abode of marvelous wildlife. So, on your trip to this picturesque land, embark on a bird watching tour. Thrilling wildlife safaris are also among the much sought after tourist packages.
Unwinding in alluring Australia means relaxation, and soaking in solitude. It is the ideal way to rejuvenate those frayed nerves. Besides, exhilarating adventure sports, you can indulge in the royal sport of golf. Tennis, basket ball, horse riding and swimming are also on offer. Whiling away at the luxurious ski resorts is another popular option.
So, pack your bags, draw up your itinerary and hotfoot it to Australia!
Cost of living is like elsewhere, will vary according to the city where people live and the lifestyle of each individual. Major cities such as Sydney, Melbourne and Brisbane, has a higher cost of living than other cities.
Average required by each student is usually between AU $ 1,300 to AU $ 1,800 per month. This fee covers the cost of accommodation, meals, transportation, telecommunications and other daily needs.
If you bring your family, then you need to provide additional approximately AU $ 10,000 per year for your spouse, and about AU $ 8,000 per year for each child. This estimate does not include the cost of children’s education. Living costs in Australia can be more expensive than the cost of living in Indonesia, but the amount of fees required depends on your lifestyle and type of accommodation you choose.
For more information on transportation and living expenses, please ask the consultants SUN Education Group who has visited Australia, even with those who have lived, studied and worked in Australia.
Schools in Australia are divided into two groups, public and private schools. Both accept international students and funded by the government. Most school typed “co-educational” (accept the male and female students) with the exception of some private secondary schools. Private secondary schools are usually not “co-educational” and often affiliated with particular religions. More than 12,000 international students are studying in Australian schools.
In general, the length of primary and secondary education in Australia is the same as in Indonesia, which is 12 years. Compulsory education in Australia is up to grade 10.
Class 11 and 12 referred as the Senior Secondary. After graduating from Grade 12, students will get a qualified Senior Secondary Certificate of Education from each state, which is recognized for entry into universities in Australia and overseas.
Costs of Primary and Junior Secondary School between AU $ 8,000 – AU $ 14,000 per year, while the Secondary School cost about AU $ 9,000 – AU $ 15,000 per year.
Conditions to Apply
Students are required to have a good level of English, measurement can be seen from the IELTS or TOEFL ® ™. In addition, the academic value was required as a condition of receipt of the student at school and at university.
For the Postgraduate level, research ability or work experience in their fields will also be considered as a condition of entry.
Regarding the requirement to register the school and university in Australia in accordance with the major of interest, consultants of SUN Education Group is ready to provide more detail information.
English Course (ELICOS)
ELICOS (English Language Intensive Courses for Overseas Students) is an English language training course organized by specialized institutions which numbers approximately 160 institutions in Australia. Usually the university who organized the ELICOS, they recognize the value of ELICOS as a substitute exam of IELTS or TOEFL ® ™ which is a requirement for university entrance. Therefore, students who have score on the IELTS or TOEFL ® ™ under the requirements, are suggested to take this ELICOS program.
In addition, an experienced and qualified instructors, all students can use the modern facilities such as language laboratories, video and library facilities, computer-assisted learning facilities (computer-assisted learning), etc. Students can enroll themselves for the duration of the study between 4 to 48 weeks depending on individual needs.
Cost for ELICOS ranges around AU $ 200 – AU $ 350 per week.
Vocational Education & Training (TAFE & VET)
Vocational study program such as polytechnic is called TAFE (Technical And Further Education) government property and VET (Vocational Education & Training) private property or also mentioned as College.
Graduates of vocational education obtain qualifications under the Australian Qualification Framework (AQF) *, such as: Certificate I, Certificate II, Certificate III, Certificate IV, Diploma, Advanced Diploma. This qualification can be used to continue to a Bachelor degree S1 (Bachelor Degree) or go straight into the career world.
The cost of vocational education ranges around AU $ 10,000 – AU $ 20,000 per year.
* The AQF is a national system that provides detailed guide of all qualifications and education levels in Australia, to ensure quality control of education offered in all states for all students including international students. AQF has a list of accrediting government agencies, approved university, vocational education and training institutions.
PRE-UNIVERSITY PROGRAM (FOUNDATION STUDIES)
Pre-University Program (Foundation) is an intensive preparation study program as a foundation and bridge that prepares students for entry into university, with a duration of 6 to 12 months. Pre-University Program (Foundation) is divided into several branches of science, such as business, sciences, arts, design, media and social sciences.
Fees for Pre-University Programme (Foudation) ranges about AU $ 15,000 – AU $ 23,000 per year.
GRADUATE PROFESSIONAL PROGRAM (undergraduate DEGREE)
Australia has 37 universities and 2 private universities. All universities offer a learning environment that is attractive and high quality qualification. In the year 2009 there were more than 100,000 international students from 180 countries studying in Australian universities.
Most Australian universities offer a combination of various fields of study, so students can get more than one qualification (Double Degree).
In the final year of degree program, students with good performance will be offered to get one (1) year of study to get an honorary degree (Honours). If the students can pass with satisfying value(First Class Honours), then they have the opportunity to proceed directly to the Doctoral program, so the study period is becoming shorter.
Each Australian university has its strengths and its own specialized field, giving you a wide choice and access to the latest technology and research in your chosen field. Education system really focus on the importance of developing the ability to think creatively and independently.
Internationalization of university and research is very important, and Australian universities are major participants in education and research projects and international ideas.
Tuition at the university for the Non-lab degree (arts, business, economics and law) generally ranges from AU $ 18,000 – AU $ 25,000 per year, whereas for the Lab’s degree (science and engineering) of approximately AU $ 22,000 – AU $ 30,000 per year.
POST GRADUATE PROFESSIONAL PROGRAM (POSTGRADUATE DEGREE)
This post graduate program consists of the Graduate Certificate (6 months), Graduate Diploma (1 year), Master Degree (1-2 years), Doctoral Degree (3-4 years).
In stage of Master Degree, students will be asked to make a thesis (thesis), whereas in stage of Doctoral Degree, students will be asked to complete a dissertation of their research.
Tuition for Graduate Certificate and Graduate Diploma ranges about AU $ 19,000 – AU $ 24,000, for the Master Degree and Doctoral Degree, ranges about AU $ 21,000 – AU $ 27,000 per year.
CRICOS and ESOS ACT
CRICOS (Commonwealth Register of Institutions and Courses for Overseas Students) is a list of all courses and institutions that are allowed to accept international students. Students who wish to register into study program that is more than three (3) months, required to obtain a student visa (student visa), Australia, which issued only for study programs that are listed in CRICOS.
This is all summarized in the ESOS (Education Services for Overseas Students) Act, which is laws that protect international students legally over quality assurance of education and return of school fees for institutions that do not meet their obligations.
TERMS OF LEARNING IN AUSTRALIA
OSHC costs ranges around AU $ 300 – AU $ 400 per year.
More information about the requirements of each sector can be found at www.immi.gov.au or contact the nearest office of SUN Education Group.In August 2005, DIMIA (Department of Immigration & Multicultural & Indigenious Affairs) Australia introduced a new type of student visa, which named “eVisa or Electronic Visa”. Application process with eVisa method can be completed in a period which is much faster and cheaper than the usual arrangement.
SUN Education Group is an accredited agent for the maintenance of eVisa so that we can provide visa services in two ways, through eVisa or through normal process.
Place and comfort of accommodation plays an important role in determining whether or not you stay at home in Australia. Therefore, the selection of appropriate accommodation and in accordance with the needs of each student is one of the main things that need attention. The types of accommodation which is generally occupied by international students in Australia are:
# Accommodation in the campus (University Accommodation)
Many universities who have dormitories. Dormitory facilities are generally equipped with beds, study room, bathrooms, laundry, kitchen, and places together. Most dormitories provides food.
On-campus accommodation costs an average of AU $ 150 – AU $ 350 per week.
# Renting Apartments or Houses
International students can rent apartments or houses. The amount of rent paid is very diverse, according to the location, area, and facilities available. Many international students occupy a house or apartment together (sharing).
Fee apartment together (sharing) of approximately AU $ 100 – AU $ 250 per week.
The cost of renting an apartment AU $ 150 – AU $ 400 per week.
# Homestay (Living Together Family Australia)
Homestay is one of the most effective way for international students to practice English and a good experience to know the culture and customs of Australia. Living with a host family opened many
valuable opportunity to have conversations with them. You can learn more quickly because you keep thinking and speaking English in situations that is very practical. You can choose the following homestay meals or simply room only. For students under the age of 18 years is usually the recommended to stay at a homestay in order to get closer supervision from parents. As a guest of a homestay, you are expected to be independent, mutual respect and cooperative.
Homestay Costs range from AU $ 200 – AU $ 300 per week (including meals).
(Limited work condition). Full-time students and dependents (dependent student) can work part time 20 hours per week during school and work full time 40 hours during the holidays.
Especially for the couple of post-graduate students, work permit is granted without maximum restriction time.In addition to increasing pocket money, job opportunities will greatly add experience, insight and independence of learners. All these advantages can be the initial capital to enter the working world after graduating from the study.
Salary earned during the part time job is about is AU $ 8 – AU $ 15 per hour; for nighttime work hours (night shifts) and weekends will get more than AU $ 20 per hour.
Every educational institution in Australia, particularly the university has an office devoted to handling all the needs of international students, which is known as International Students Office. This office provides a range of facilities services for international students, ranging from service prior to the arrival of students, such as finding accommodation and airport pickup arrangements, up to a range of services for students taking their study at that institution.
International Students Students Advisor Office provides personnel who are trained and experienced in helping international students cope with various problems that might be encountered during live and study abroad, both academic and personal problems. Remember the adage “Shy To Ask, Lost On The Street”. Enjoy your education and life experience in Australia.
• In 1954 Bob Hawke made it into the Guinness Record Book: he sculled 2.5 pints of beer in 11 seconds. Bob Hawke went on to become the Prime Minister of Australia.
• Australia has over 6000 species of flies, about 4000 species of ants, and there are about 350 species of termites in Australia.
• The Tasmanian Devil does exist, and it has the jaw strength of a crocodile.
• Australia has the world’s largest population of wild camels with one hump.
• The Great Barrier Reef is the largest organic construction on earth.
• The Sydney Opera House roof weighs more than 161,000 tons.
Ability English; Australian Catholic University; Australian College of Applied Education; Australian College of Natural Therapy; Australian Institute of Commerce & Language (AICL); Australian Institute of Music; Academy of information Technology (AIT); Australian National Airline College (ANAC); Australian Pacific College (APC); ASM (Australian School of Management); Baxter Institute; Billy Blue College of Design; Blue Mountains International Hotel Management School; Cambridge International College; Canning College; Carrick Institute; Central Queensland University; Charles Sturt University; CIT, Canberra; Curtin College; Curtin University – Perth; Curtin University – Sydney; Deakin University; Edith Cowan University; Gordon College; Griffith University; Hales College; Hawthorn English; Headmasters Hairdressing Academy; Hibernia & Advance English; Holmes Institute; Holmesglen Institute of TAFE; ICMS (International College of Management Sydney); International Education Services (UQ Foundation Year); James Cook University Brisbane; JMC Academy; Kangan Batman Institute; Kaplan Business School; Kaplan English Aus; La Trobe Melbourne; La Trobe University; Le Cordon Bleu Australia; Macquarie City Campus; Macquarie University; Martin College; MEGT Institute; Melbourne Institute of Technology(MIT/University of Ballarat); Methodist Ladies College; MIBT; Monash College; Monash University; Mount Erin High School; Murdoch College; Murdoch University; Navitas English; Navitas Australia University Partnerships (All Centres); Ozford College; Photography Studies College (PSC); PIBT; Queensland Institute of Business & Technology (QIBT); Raffles College of Design & Commerce; RMIT University; SAE Institute; SAIBT (South Australian Institute of Business and Technology); Sarina Russo; SBTA (Sydney Business & Travel Academy); SCBIT (Sydney College of Business & IT); SIBT; SouthBank TAFE; Southern Cross Education Institute (SCEI); SSBT (Sydney School of Business & Tech); Swinburne University; Taylors College; The Casino School (ICAE – International College of Advanced Education); The Hotel School Sydney; THINK: Education Group; UC – University of Canberra; University of Adelaide; University of Ballarat; University of New South Wales (UNSW); UNSW Global (Foundation Year & Institute of Languages); University of Queensland (UQ); The University of Sydney; University of Technology Sydney (UTS); UTS : Insearch; University of Western Australia Foundation Year (UWAFY); University of Wollongong (UOW); UNSW International; Victoria University (VU); Victory College of Design; William Angliss Institute of TAFE; William Blue College of Hospitality Management, etc.
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